What Kind of Grass is Used on Golf Courses

By Bob Williams

August 4, 2023

Golf courses around the world have been known to host some of the most spectacular sporting events, from The Masters in Augusta to the Ryder Cup in Europe. However, not many people know that there is one essential factor without which these golf greens could not even exist: grass. Yes, it may sound simple, but having the right kind of grass on a professional course can make all the difference between a great game and an awful one!

In this blog post, we will explore what type of grass is used on golf courses, why it’s important, and how it affects your play. So if you’ve ever wondered why putting on one course can be so different than another – read on to find out!

The Different Types of Grass Used on Golf Courses

When it comes to golf, the type of grass used on the course can have a big impact on the game. Golf courses can have a variety of grass types, each with their own unique characteristics. For example, some courses use Bermuda grass, which is perfect for hot, sunny climates because it can withstand heavy foot traffic and requires less water than other types of grass.

On the other hand, courses in cooler climates may opt for bentgrass, which is known for its dense, fine texture and ability to be cut short for fast greens. Other popular options include Zoysia grass, which is drought-resistant and ideal for warm climates, and fescue grass, which is great for cooler areas and has a natural ability to adapt to varying conditions.

Understanding the different types of grass can help golfers choose the right club for their shot and adapt to the game’s challenges.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Type of Grass for Golf Course

The type of grass used on a golf course can have a major impact on how the game is played and enjoyed. When selecting a type of grass, it’s important to consider factors such as climate, soil quality, water availability, and maintenance needs. For example, some types of grass may be better suited for hot or cold weather conditions or require more frequent mowing than others. Additionally, soil quality should also be taken into account since poor soil can affect the growth and health of certain species of grass. Finally, the amount of water that will be available for irrigation should also be considered when choosing a type of grass; some grasses need more water than others to stay healthy and green.

Pros and Cons of Common Types of Turfgrass for Golf Course

Bermuda grass is a popular choice for golf courses because it is extremely durable and requires minimal maintenance. It can thrive in hot climates and handle heavy foot traffic, making it an ideal choice for courses that get a lot of play. However, this type of grass needs to be mowed frequently to keep the greens short and fast. Additionally, Bermuda grass does not tolerate cold weather very well, so it may need to be replaced with a more suitable species if temperatures drop too low.

Bentgrass is another popular option for golf courses due to its fine texture, which creates a smooth putting surface. This type of grass also thrives in cooler climates and does not need as much water or fertilizer as other types of turfgrass. However, bentgrass is slower to recover from foot traffic and requires frequent mowing, making it a more labor-intensive option.

Fescue grass is the most drought-tolerant type of golf course turfgrass, making it an excellent choice for courses in arid climates or areas prone to droughts. Additionally, this type of grass is very resilient to wear and tear and can cope with heavy foot traffic. The downside of fescue grass is that it doesn’t always produce the best-putting surface due to its coarse texture, so players may find their putts rolling too quickly or slowly.

How to Achieve the Best Results With Your Choice of Grass for Golf Course

Once you’ve selected the type of grass that best suits your golf course, there are a few things you can do to ensure optimum performance. First and foremost, it’s important to properly maintain your turfgrass by watering it regularly and mowing at the correct height. Additionally, using fertilizers or herbicides can help promote healthy growth and protect against pests or disease.

Finally, utilizing quality aeration techniques can improve drainage and reduce compaction which will keep your grass healthy and thick. By selecting the right kind of grass for your golf course, you can guarantee an optimal playing surface for years to come!

Benefits of Turfgrass For Golf Course Managers

Golf course managers know that maintaining beautiful and healthy turfgrass is crucial for the success of their business. Aside from providing aesthetic appeal, turfgrass has numerous benefits that can impact the bottom line.

One of the most important benefits is the fact that a well-maintained turfgrass can withstand heavy foot traffic, which is a common occurrence in golf courses. Moreover, it helps to control soil erosion and reduces the amount of airborne dust, providing a clean and healthy environment for players.

Investing in proper turfgrass management can also result in reduced water and fertilizer usage, leading to cost savings and enhanced environmental sustainability. With these benefits, it’s easy to see why golf course managers recognize turfgrass as a vital component of their operations.

Tips for Maintaining Turfgrass on a Golf Course

Maintaining a beautiful and lush turfgrass on a golf course requires specialized knowledge and skills. It is not just about mowing the grass and watering it regularly. A proper maintenance plan includes various activities such as fertilizing, aerating, and controlling pests and diseases. To ensure a healthy and vibrant turfgrass, professionals suggest using the right type of fertilizer and applying it at the proper time and rate.

Aeration is another crucial practice that helps reduce soil compaction and improve air and water movement in the soil. Furthermore, pest and disease management are crucial for preventing severe damages to the turf. By adopting these tips, golf courses can maintain their turfgrass in top shape and provide a satisfying experience for golfers.


While turfgrass selection can be an intimidating prospect, becoming informed on the various types ofgrass used in golf courses will set you up for success. Turfgrass offers myriad benefits not only to golf course managers but to players as well.

Now that you know the different factors to consider when choosing a type of grass, pros and cons of common types of turfgrass, implementing practices that ensure results with your choice of grass, and strategies for maintaining a healthy course all year round—you are well on your way to making decisions which will improve course quality and keep players engaged. Empower yourself with knowledge about each grass’s unique characteristics and feel confident in making choices that will give your golf course the edge it needs to gain popularity and remain ahead of the game.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the best type of grass for a golf course?

A: The best type of grass for a golf course depends on the climate and soil quality of the area. Popular choices include Bermuda grass, which can handle heavy foot traffic in hot climates; bentgrass, which produces a smooth putting surface in cooler climates; fescue grass, which is drought-resistant and ideal for warm climates; and Zoysia grass, which has natural abilities to adapt to varying conditions.

Q: How often should turfgrass be mowed on a golf course?

A: Turfgrass should generally be mowed every 5-7 days, depending on the species of grass and weather conditions. It’s important to mow at the correct height in order to maintain healthy and dense turfgrass.

Q: What are some tips for maintaining turfgrass on a golf course?

A: Some tips for maintaining turfgrass on a golf course include proper fertilization, aeration, pest and disease control, and regular mowing. It’s important to select the right type of fertilizer for the specific species of grass being used and make sure it is applied at the proper rate. Additionally, aerating can help reduce soil compaction and improve air and water movement in the soil. Finally, implementing an effective pest and disease management program is essential for keeping your turfgrass healthy all year round.

You might also like